BitMEX Research: Lightning Node “Justice Transactions” Deterring Bitcoin Thieves

Michael LaVere
  • BitMEX Research examined "justice transactions" on lightning network, which deter bitcoin thieves. 
  • Found 241 examples of justice transactions, worth 2.22 btc, since the launch of LN in 2017.

A new BitMEX report claims that bitcoin’s lightning network has deterred the possible theft of 2.2 btc thanks to “justice transactions.”

Lightning Network

The research wing of cryptocurrency exchange BitMEX published a new report on July 15 examining the features of bitcoin’s lightning network. In particular, the report focused on so-called “justice transactions,” which involves a punishment mechanism to close channels in the event of suspected foul play.

BitMEX identified 241 justice transactions, worth 2.22 btc, since the launch of lightning network in late 2017.

he Lightning network has been designed with channel closures and incentives to deter dishonest nodes from stealing funds. 

The report states, 

“It should be noted that, by design, when a thief attempts to steal funds on the lightning network, if caught, they do not only lose the money they tried to steal, they lose all the funds in the relevant channel. This “punishment” is expected to act as a deterrent and is sometimes called “justice”.

Monthly justice transactions reached their peak in October 2018. However, due to the rising price of bitcoin throughout this year, the total value redeemed by justice transactions was much higher in February and March 2019. 

Deterring Thieves

BitMEX reports that the 2.22 btc redeemed in justice transactions is the combination of total funds claimed from dis-honest nodes in addition to the value that was attempted to be stolen. 

The research also concludes that the actual number of justice transactions may be inflated relative to the number of attempted thefts, in part due to users experimenting with lightning network, 

“It is also possible that many of the 241 justice transactions do not indicate genuine dishonestly, for instance it could be users testing the system, where the same user owns both lightning nodes in question. For example BitMEX Research is responsible for 5 of the 241 justice transactions, when there was no victim, as BitMEX owned all the nodes and funds.”

While lightning network has yet to reach the capability of mainstream adoption, it offers the potential for faster and cheaper bitcoin transactions. BitMEX claims that the justice mechanism is necessary for deterring and preventing theft on the platform, and will ultimately contribute to the system as a reliable and scalable payment system. 

The research team concludes that there is a “reasonable degree of justice” on the nascent lightning network. 

Bitcoin Price Surges Above $9,300 for First Time Since June 25

On Monday (July 6), the Bitcoin price managed to surge past the $9,300 level for the first since June 25, a move that was likely powered by the current bullish in the stock markets of China and the United States.

Today's strong rally in the world's major stock markets started was led by China, where the Chinese government is apparently encouraging investors to buy stocks.

According to a report by CNBC, "a front page editorial in state-owned China Securities Journal" (publishe-d earlier today) talked about the “wealth effect of the capital markets” and suggested that a “healthy bull market" was important for the economy at this time.

Peter Boockvar, chief investment strategist at Bleakley Advisory Group, says:

"We have the Fed to juice bull markets, China has its state media."

The CSI 300, which is "a capitalization-weighted stock market index designed to replicate the performance of the top 300 stocks traded on the Shanghai Stock Exchange and the Shenzhen Stock Exchange", closed over 250 points higher at 4,670.09, up 5.67%. 

CSI 300 Chart by Google Finance on 6 July 2020.png

As you can see in the above chart from Google Finance, in the past five trading session, the CSI 300 index has gained over 13%, the most in a five-day period since December 2014, and helping the CSI 300 to reach a level last seen in June 2015.

CNBC says that although "China’s economy faces many hurdles, including trade issues with the U.S. and the growing friction as the economies move to decouple",  in the near term, "the prospect of an improving China spilled over to other markets, boosting sentiment for global trade."

Europe's major stock markets followed China's and all closed higher.

As for the U.S. stock market, premarket trading data indicated that the market would be having a good day, and it has not been wrong so far.

Currently (as of 18:37 UTC on July 6), the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA), the S&P 500, and the Nasdaq are at 26196.15 (up 368.79 or 1.43%), 3172.03 (up 42.02 or 1.34%), and 10404.81 (up 197.18 or .93%) respectively. The leading sector was (as usual) technology, with Amazon and Netflix setting new all-time highs, helping the tech-heavy Nasdaq to power itself to a new all-time high.

This is what President Trump tweeted around 10 minutes after the U.S. stock market opened:

Today's stock market rally in the U.S. means that the S&P 500 and the Nasdaq are both on a five-day winning streak. 

So, what's fuelling investors' perhaps surprising amount of bullishness on stocks in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic? This might be especially mystifying in the case of the U.S., where we are seeing around 50,000 new daily cases of COVID-19 (even though, thankfully, the number of death are going down).

It seems that investors and traders believe that:

  • As lockdown measures are eased, the outlook for businesses should keep improving.
  • There are encouraging signs from the pharmaceutical industry that we will soon have good therapeutics in the next few months and reliable vaccines by next year.
  • Governments around the world will continue to support the financial markets with monetary and fiscal stimulus.

Andrew Brenner of National Alliance told CNBC:

"I’m starting to believe the Covid case are an inverse indicator. The worse it gets, the more the market does better because it means more Fed and fiscal stimulus will come towards the markets."

The optimism that is fuelling the stock market rally appears to be also helping Bitcoin since today Bitcoin shake off the lethary of the long Independence Day weekend -- which saw Bitcoin dropping below $9,000 at 21:15 UTC on Sunday (July 5) and bounce back above $9,300 for the first time in 11 days:

2 Week BTC-USD chart on 6 July 2020.png

Featured Image by "WorldSpectrum" via Pixabay.comSave