Switzerland’s financial regulator, the Financial Market Supervisory Authority (FINMA), has reportedly recommended that cryptoassets should be “assigned a flat risk weight of 800% to cover market and credit risks.”
FINMA also advised local banks and other financial institutions to estimate risk coverage for all digital assets at 800% - “regardless of whether the positions are held in the banking or trading book.”
The high risk coverage for cryptoassets indicates that FINMA considers them to be highly volatile, and classifies their trading “at the same level as hedge fund activity.”
"Increasing Number Of Enquiries" From Cryptoasset Holders
Although the Swiss financial regulator acknowledges that cryptocurrency prices have stabilized in the last few months - with bitcoin’s (BTC) volatility index being at its lowest since December 2016, it still thinks that the “spectre of volatility stills hangs over the asset class.”
According to a confidential letter FINMA recently sent to EXPERTSuisse (an association for Switzerland’s accountants and trustees), the Swiss regulator has “received an increasing number of enquiries from banks and securities dealers holding positions in cryptoassets.”
In response, FINMA said that anyone who owns cryptoassets is “subject to capital adequacy requirements, risk distribution regulations and regulations for the calculation of short-term liquidity ratios.”
Must "Assume Value Of $50,000" Per Bitcoin
Bitcoin (BTC) is currently trading at around $6,400 according to data from CryptoCompare, however, a financial institution has to “assume a value of around $50,000” per bitcoin when determining the “risk-weighted” value of the cryptocurrency.
Because of this, banks and other financial service organizations must “put aside a larger chunk of capital to cover potential losses of cryptocurrency positions than most other assets,” local news outlet, SwissInfo.ch explained.
FINMA has also instructed Swiss financial institutions to limit their digital currency trading activity to 4% of their total capital. When this limit has been reached, the institutions must report to the nation’s regulatory authorities.
Positive Feedback From Switzerland Bitcoin Association
Notably, these guidelines are only applicable to cryptoassets that institutions are holding on their balance sheets, and do not apply to customer funds held separately.
Responding to the new crypto regulatory requirements, the Bitcoin Switzerland Association (an “active community” of crypto enthusiasts that aim to increase awareness of digital assets), said:
It’s encouraging to see banks no longer turning down the increasing number of client requests for crypto services but asking for guidance and providing their input along the way. This is the Swiss financial centre’s first step towards moving into the next decade where assets are no longer held in a single, central custody but instead are held on the blockchain.