Australia Introduces Cryptocurrency Exchange Regulations

  • Australian cryptocurrency exchanges will need to register and report to AUSTRAC
  • The new regulations are already in effect. Failure to comply will lead to "civil penalty consequences."

Australia has just implemented new regulatory obligations cryptocurrency exchanges will need to comply with. A recent announcement published by the Australian Transaction Reports and Analysis Centre (AUSTRAC) reveals the regulator is pushing against money laundering and seeking to bring forward counter-measures agaisnt terror financing. 

The announcement comes a week after the Australian Taxation Office (ATO) revealed it was seeking public consultation from citizens regarding how it should approach "specific tax events." Specifically, the ATO was looking for the public's views on cryptocurrency taxation, as it "launched a community consultation to help us understand practical issues experienced when complying with cryptocurrency tax obligations.”

According to AUSTRAC, cryptocurrency exchanges will now need to:

  • Adopt and maintain an AML/CTF program to identify, mitigate and manage money laundering and terrorism financing risks
  • Identify and verify the identities of their customers
  • Report to AUSTRAC suspicious matters, and transactions involving physical currency of $10,000 or more
  • Keep certain records for a period of seven years.

The legislation has been in effect for cryptocurrency exchanges since April 3, for a trial period of six months, which will help measure their success and relative impact on the market for users. During the six-month trial period, AUSTRAC CEO will only take action if exchanges don't take "reasonable steps" to comply.

At the end of its announcement, AUSTRAC notd:

"There will be criminal offence and civil penalty consequences if you provide digital currency exchange services without being registered."

AUSTRAC

Cryptocurrency exchanges are being urged to register, presumably to improve their level of accountability within the marketplace. Australia is also incorporating 'transitional registration arrangements' for crypto exchanges, which will come into effect on May 14. These arrangements will allow existing exchanges to continue trading, while transactions and applications are screened for legitimacy.

Chainalysis Launches Real-Time Suspicious Transaction Alerts for 15 Cryptocurrencies

Blockchain intelligence firm Chainalysis has introduced "suspicious cryptocurrency transaction alerts" in "Chainalysis Know Your Transaction (KYT)", its "real-time anti-money laundering (AML) compliance solution".

Chainalysis, which was founded in 2014 by Dr. Michael Gronager (the current Chief Executive Officer), Jan Moller (the current Chief Technology Officer), Jonathan Levin (the current Chief Operating Officer), is a company with two main products:

  • Chainalysis Reactor -- its investigation software suite
  • Chainalysis Kknow Your Transaction (KYT) -- its compliance software suite

Chainalysis KYT supports "real-time transaction screening"; "case management capabilities"; "enhanced due diligence"; and "KYT for token issuers".

In a press release published on its blog on Thursday (August 22), Chainalysis says that Chainalysis KYT's alerts are "designed to help cryptocurrency businesses and financial institutions mitigate exposure to regulatory and reputational risk by helping compliance teams focus on the most urgent activity and enforce compliance policies while better allocating resources."

John Dempsey, VP Product, Chainalysis, had this to say:

As lawmakers and regulators focus their attention on the industry, it is more critical than ever that cryptocurrency businesses demonstrate compliance best practices.

According to Chainalysis, this new feature results in alerts being generated "whenever a transfer involves a risky counterparty and crosses a value threshold." Alert levels (Severe, High, Medium, and Low) are "based on factors such as category, service, direct versus indirect exposure, direction of funds, and amount," and are available for all 15 cryptocurrencies that Chainalysis supports (including BTC, ETH, BCH, LTC, USDT, and DAI).

Michael Breu, Gemini's Chief Compliance Officer, also chose to comment on this announcement:

As a New York Trust company we are required to monitor transactions on and off our platform. Tools like KYT alerts, which provide real time and ongoing blockchain analysis, coupled with Gemini's own compliance policies, help us meet our regulatory obligations.

 

Featured Image Credit: Photo via Pixabay.com