How Decentralized Cryptocurrency Exchanges Help Grow Financial Inclusion

Centralized cryptocurrency exchanges are one of the main pillars of the cryptocurrency space. Competition between them forces them to roll out new features to users from time to time and allow them to be the on-ramp of the crypto world.

Those who want to experiment with cryptocurrencies are more likely than not going to sign up for a crypto exchange account to buy their tokens there, and since exchanges have come a long way, they may not even withdraw their funds to their own wallets. Using top crypto exchanges it’s now possible to buy crypto, use it to buy goods and services or earn interest, and never have to withdraw.

As we’ve seen on CryptoGlobe, it’s even possible to stake cryptocurrencies on these exchanges without dealing with any technical hurdles. While all of this is extremely convenient it’s worth pointing out exchanges are a single point of failure and keeping funds on them defeats the purpose of cryptocurrency.

Cryptocurrency exchanges are, at the end of the day, businesses that have to make a profit and comply with regulators. If they don’t, they face fines or even being shut down, One of Bitcoin’s distinctive features was censorship-resistance: a bitcoin wallet cannot be frozen by any entity, but a cryptocurrency exchange account can.

If the trading platform doesn’t comply with a request, its servers may be seized, its bank accounts frozen, and its offices raided. This means that governments looking to cut off dissidents just have to ask the exchange to do the work for them.

Granted, often entities freeze funds because they’re associated with illicit activities, but the power to freeze funds may also be used to silence opponents, hinder competitors, and more.

How Decentralized Exchanges Help

Enter decentralized cryptocurrency exchanges (DEXs). These trading platforms are often developed by firms associated with cryptocurrencies, and in some cases cryptocurrency exchanges have even launched their own trading platforms.

Decentralized cryptocurrency exchanges are hosted in various nodes and not on the servers of a single company, which means that it’s much harder for governments to try and shut down such an exchange. Their distributed nature also means governments or other entities can’t force the platform to freeze someone’s funds.

While the first decentralized trading platforms were hard to use, had very low liquidity, and offered an overall poor user experience, new DEXs have been launching over the last few months to address the issue.

Leading cryptocurrency exchange OKEx, for example, recently announced the launch of its own blockchain, OKChain, with an initial decentralized application on it: the OKEx DEX.

OKChain itself has adopted a Delegated Proof-of-Stake (DPoS) consensus algorithm and OKEx has issued a new native token, OKT, to support it. It allows users to create their own decentralized applications, including exchanges and platforms offering other financial services, while giving them complete control over their applications.

Supporting Financial Inclusion

While OKChain is still on a testnet and so far the only decentralized exchange on it is the OKEx DEX, in the future it could support hundreds of decentralized exchanges, competing with each other to gain traction. OKChain also supports smart contracts and cross-chain applications with BTC.

As a result, the OKT token, its native cryptocurrency, could soon be competing with Ethereum, the largest smart contract platform in the cryptocurrency space, for developers. Ethereum it’s worth noting, is the second-largest cryptocurrency by market cap.

Ethereum’s decentralized finance space, in which most top applications let users loan and borrow cryptocurrencies, has over $1 billion worth of crypto in it. In a press release shared with CryptoGlobe Jay Hao, OKEx’s CEO, was quoted as saying:

We believe decentralized finance [DeFi] is the key to financial inclusion and financial freedom for all. That’s why we have longed for unleashing the power of DeFi. OKChain is huge milestone for us, meaning that we are now able to provide an open, low-cost, and autonomous ecosystem for everyone to enjoy the benefits blockchain and decentralization brings.

To sum it up, anyone will be able to transact freely and have access to financial services simply by using these decentralized financial platforms. Decentralized exchanges essentially give users access to a world in which they won’t have to worry about supporting the wrong team, voting for the wrong candidate, or living in the wrong country.

Decentralized exchanges are, in a way, the on-ramp to the decentralized finance space. A space that is already giving its users access to worthwhile interest rates and cryptocurrency-backed loans.

It’s also worth pointing out decentralized exchanges, whether they’re built on Ethereum, OKChain, TRON, WAVES, or any other blockchain, are seen as more secure than centralized exchanges, as users can trade directly from their own wallets.

Featured image via Pixabay.

Sub-accounts in Crypto: What They Are and How They Work

 

Julia Gerstein, a crypto trading bots enthusiast and a content writer at TradeSanta. My final goal is to help readers find what they need, understand what they find, and use what they understand appropriately.


Speaking generally, a sub-account is a segregated smaller account that is tied to a larger primary account. Sub-accounts may serve different functions depending on the objectives of their owners. The term can refer to multiple email addresses linked to one user or secondary accounts tied to a primary account with a financial institution or a bank.

For this article, we will be looking at sub-accounts as they exist in the crypto industry, and specifically on trading platforms.

Built-in Sub-Accounts

On trading platforms, the sub-accounts feature allows users to create a set of subsidiary accounts with different trading strategies, funds and end customers. On some platforms, general accounts already come with built-in sub-accounts.

For example, exchange platform Crypto Facilities provides each user with cash and margin accounts when they sign up. While deposits and withdrawals are completed with the cash account, trading an instrument requires users to make an internal transfer from a cash account to their margin account that corresponds to the instrument in question.

Each instrument has its own margin account. This grants users more control over their funds and allows them to manage risks for each instrument separately from their main balance.

Optional Sub-Accounts

Other cryptocurrency exchanges, such as Gemini and Binance, have launched sub-accounts as an optional feature for institutional investors.

As an optional feature, sub-accounts can serve to introduce additional security measures and different access levels between the main account and its subsidiaries. Binance has underlined the differences between a master account and its subsidiaries, providing the former with the exclusive ability to view all data and balances, transfer funds between accounts, and have full managerial control and access to a range of asset audit tools.

Here master accounts have sole control over the movement of assets between sub-accounts, and can grant each of them different access levels and permissions. This ensures that the main account has the power to direct and monitor the actions of all its associated accounts, while each sub-account can perform its function independently from other sub-accounts.

Not Only for Institutional Investors

While institutional investors have been able to create sub-accounts for a while, this feature is still being introduced by more and more major exchanges.

Now even individual investors can create subsidiary accounts to try and assess the performance of distinct trading strategies. For example, HitBTC recently introduced its own sub-accounts feature that is now available per user’s request.

At HitBTC, sub-accounts enable users to create separate subsidiary accounts with which they can utilize various trading styles and strategies with operational autonomy. While each sub-account is separate, all of them are still tied to a master account and contribute to the cumulative volume of all accounts connected to the master.

Because trading volume is measured cumulatively, the use of the subaccounts feature can open up additional benefits for traders such as lower commissions due to progressive fee tiers that reward users for contributing to the liquidity on the trading platform.

Therefore, users can perform a variety of different trading activities unconnected to each other, and all the activities will still weigh in the financial favor of the parties involved. Master accounts also have access to important data such as the performance of each sub-account and total trading fees of all linked accounts combined. While the feature is designed with institutional and corporate clients in mind, on HitBTC any user can create sub-accounts upon request.

The adoption of this feature by more and more trading platforms will be beneficial for both institutional and individual traders. Some users can utilize it to execute different trading strategies or try various algorithms with a clear picture of their effectiveness, others to manage their team and analyze the performance of each account securely and conveniently.

Featured image by Tyler Franta on Unsplash