Amazon Granted Patent for Proof-of-Work System to Fight DDoS Attacks

E-commerce giant Amazon has recently been granted a patent for a proof-of-work (PoW) system that could reportedly be used to mitigate distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks computer networks are often targeted with.

The patent, first filed back in December of 2016, was granted by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) this week, and essentially outlines how Merkle trees can be generated as a solution to proof-of-work challenges,  including preventing DDoS attacks.

The e-commerce giant’s proposal is to use Merkle trees to present a proof-of-work challenge to attackers, making it too expensive to use a series of machines to perform such an attack. Merkle trees essentially allow for the verification of data sent between computers.

Amazon also suggested the use of a proof-of-work (PoW) system, that would see machines create Merkle trees as the “work” involved. PoW is an algorithm used to protect networks, by asking participants to do “work that often involves computing power.

Amazon’s patent explains:

A proof-of-work system where a first party (e.g., a client computer system) may request access to a computing resource. A second party (e.g., a service provider) may determine a challenge that may be provided to the first party. A valid solution to the challenge may be generated and provided for the request to be fulfilled.

These challenges, Amazon notes, could include “a message and a seed, such that the seed may be used at least in part to cryptographically derive information that may be used to generate a solution to the challenge.” Adding to this, it suggests the creation of Merkle trees.

A similar system is used on the Bitcoin blockchain, with Merkle trees being used to ensure that blocks mined on the network aren’t falsified. On it, proof-of-work sees miners solve complex mathematical puzzles to secure the network, and sees them get rewarded in BTC for it.

Using a proof-of-work algorithm, the firm adds that preventing DDoS attacks could be accomplished. The patent reads:

Requiring a valid proof-of-work may mitigate a DOS [denial-of-service] or DDOS attack by causing the participants of the DOS or DDOS attack to generate a valid proof-of-work solution, which may require the use of computational resources on the attacking systems and dramatically reduce the rate at which entities participating in the attack may send requests.

This system would essentially make DDoS attacks economically unfeasible. Elsewhere in its patent, Amazon mentions other cryptocurrency-related terms like “public signing key” and “digital signature,” but doesn’t refer to blockchains or cryptocurrencies directly.

The move shows so far the e-commerce giant is more invested in blockchain technology than in cryptocurrencies per se. Although cryptocurrency users would like to see the company accept crypto payments, so far it hasn’t done so. A survey has earlier this year shown 13% of its customers would be interested in purchasing crypto from it.

Changpeng Zhao, the CEO of cryptocurrency exchange Binance, revealed he believes that Amazon will, “sooner or later,” have to issue its own currency. So far the company has only used blockchain technology, and has registered domains like amazoncryptocurrency.com, in a move believed to have been made to protect its brand.

Dutch Court Orders Facebook to Remove Fraudulent Crypto Advertisements

  • Dutch court rules that Facebook must remove fraudulent advertisements using the likeness of celebrities to promote crypto scams.
  • Billionaire John De Mol previously sued Facebook over adverts using his image to promote bitcoin. 

A Dutch court has ordered social media platform Facebook to remove fraudulent advertisements that use the images of celebrities to promote crypto-related scams. 

According to a report by Reuters on Nov. 11, Facebook will have to take responsibility for the plethora of scam advertisements that are misrepresenting celebrities and other well-known figures to push crypto-related investments.

The ruling follows a high-profile lawsuit between Dutch billionaire John De Mol, who sued Facebook after the company failed to remove advertisements using his image to defraud investors in cryptocurrency scams. De Mol said after three months of negotiations it was “impossible” to come to an agreement with Facebook over the fake adverts. 

In September, it was reported that fraudulent Telegram advertisements were appearing on Russian Facebook, using CEO and founder Pavel Durov’s image to sell a scam investment into TON. New Zealand TV personality Duncan Garner also complained about the social media platform hosting ads using his image to sell bitcoin and exotic cars. 

The court’s summary judgement said that Facebook can no longer take a neutral stance towards the adverts, 

Facebook’s arguments that it is just a neutral funnel for information and therefore cannot be obligated to act, is not acceptable...The company plays too active a role with respect to advertisements, which form its primary business model to argue that.

Facebook must pull the fraudulent ads or face fines of up to 1.1 million euros ($1.2 million).

Featured Image Credit: Photo via Pixabay.com