Higher Proof-of-Stake (PoS) Rewards Proposed for Upcoming Ethereum 2.0 Upgrade

Anthony Sassano (sassal0x), the co-founder of EthHub, a “fundamentals-focused, open source, community-driven” organization dedicated to conducting Ethereum-related research, has revealed that a new proposal for Eth 2.0 has been submitted.

Eth 2.0, a system-wide upgrade to the Ethereum blockchain, will most likely include a major change in the cryptocurrency platform’s consensus algorithm - as it will be switched from the current proof-of-work (PoW)-based protocol to a proof-of-stake (PoS)-powered mechanism.

Eth 2.0 Proposal Could Set “Network Issuance At 1%”

As mentioned in Sassano’s tweet, a new proposal to “increase validator rewards for Eth 2.0 stakers was put forward [recently,] which would put overall network issuance at 1% with 30 million ETH staked.” Sassano added that Ethereum co-founder Vitalik Buterin “explained the various ways issuance can be decreased even if staking participation is high.”

According to a Reddit post by username Sfdao91, at “30 million validating ETH, inflation will be less than 1%, which will be more or less the same as Bitcoin (BTC) between 2025 and 2029. [Cryptocurrency] exchanges can become even more powerful if they start to stake with their customers' ETH.”

Responding to the initial comments, Buterin suggested (via Reddit) not using the word “inflation” to refer to the ETH supply. He noted that the term “inflation” confuses economists as they may think it’s being used to describe price movements. The process does not have much to do with the price of ETH, as it mainly involves modifying the blockchain’s staking mechanism.

Issuing Figures Are Maxima, Issuance May Be Decreased “In Practice”

Clarifying that the issuance figures suggested above are maxima, Buterin pointed out that there are a “few factors” which could potentially “decrease issuance in practice to well below those levels.” The factors, according to the Ethereum co-founder, are as follows:

  • “Validators going offline. Combining the individual and collective penalties, every 1% of validators offline cuts total issuance by around 3%, and if more than 33% ever go offline at once, many coins could get burned quickly.”
  • “Validators getting slashed. Probably will happen infrequently in practice, but still....”
  • “Transaction fees being burned due to Ethereum Improvement Proposal (EIP) 1559 (I estimate ~10k ETH/year initially while usage is still low, ramping up to hopefully hundreds of thousands of ETH/year eventually)”
  • “Transaction fees being burned to pay for state rent (this mechanism could possibly be folded into the gas mechanism and hence the EIP 1559 burn)”

Acknowledging the potential changes noted by Buterin, Reddit user InsideYourGhost mentioned that: 

Right now we are on pace for > 100k ETH in annual fees, a large percentage of which could conceivably get burned via BASEFEE once 1559 is merged/forked. Once there are 1024 shards doing this, isn't it possible the burn rate will eventually exceed issuance? A system doing 10,000 Txs per second burning 1 penny per transaction would burn $3 billion worth of ETH a year.

Apple Users Score Crypto-Friendly Options; Trio Close Venture Equity Rounds

The top daily news from the cryptocurrency and blockchain space:

  • Opera’s crypto-, blockchain-ready browser hits Apple iOS.
  • Venture funding spree continues with trio of equity round closures.
  • Ethereum ERC-20 tokens to be tradable on a world-leading stock exchange by year-end.

At the time of writing, bitcoin (BTC) and ether (ETH) are trading at $12,630.8 (-0.7%) and $327.5 (-1.1%), respectively. As for the MVIS CryptoCompare Digital Assets 10 Index, it is currently tracking at 5,051.6 (-0.1%).

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Opera’s Crypto-, Blockchain-Ready Browser Hits Apple iOS

Opera, the software technology company behind the popular web browser of the same name, announced its blockchain and cryptocurrency-ready Opera Touch browser is now available for iOS, the mobile operating system created and developed by Apple.

Opera Touch features “crypto wallet integration and Web 3 support,” meaning users can natively interact with blockchain-based applications; eliminating the need for a browser extension such as MetaMask.

Currently, Opera Touch only supports ERC-20 tokens, stablecoins, and non-fungible tokens. Support for other blockchains like Tron (TRX), however, is expected to be enabled by the middle of next year.

Venture Funding Spree Continues as Trio Close Equity Rounds

A total of three projects that, either directly or indirectly, form part of the fast-growing cryptocurrency and blockchain ecosystem, announced successful venture capital rounds.

The first was blockchain data startup dfuse, which raised $3.5 million in an equity round co-led by Multicoin Capital and tech giant Intel’s venture arm, Intel Capital. Commenting on his crypto-fund’s decision to invest in dfuse was Multicoin’s Kyle Samani, who, in a blog post, noted that the EOS-native dfuse will “be launching support for Ethereum in the next few weeks.”

The second was Imgur, one of the world’s leading image hosting platforms, which announced it raised a venture equity round worth $20 million from the XRP-integrated micropayments startup, Coil. “As part of the transaction, Stefan Thomas, Founder & CEO of Coil and former CTO of Ripple Labs, Inc., will be joining Imgur's board of directors,” stated a press release from Coil.

The third was now-former ConsenSys incubatee 3Box, a U.S.-based startup specializing in the decentralized identity space, which closed a Placeholder Ventures-led $2.5 million seed round. Other investors in 3Box included Venrock, CoinFund, Northzone, and ConsenSys.

Ethereum ERC-20 Tokens on Swiss Stock Exchange by Year-End

According to CoinDesk, Swiss security token startup BlockState is planning to “passport” six Ethereum-based ERC-20 tokens to R3’s Corda, a private distributed ledger technology platform.

“Before the end of the year, the tokens will be locked up in a smart contract on ethereum and “mirrored” versions of them will run on Corda,” the crypto media outlet reported, before continuing to report “the passporting will take place on the network R3 is building for the Swiss Digital Exchange (SDX) – part of SIX, Switzerland’s national stock exchange.”