Report: 70% of Central Banks are Studying Digital Currencies

Approximately 70% of the banks surveyed by the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) said they have already started working on a central bank digital currency (CBDC) or they are considering the development of their own virtual currency.

50% Of Banks Surveyed Have Moved To "Proof-of Concept" Stage

The Bank for International Settlements (BIS) is an institution owned by major central banks worldwide and it focuses on providing improved “international monetary and financial cooperation.” There were reportedly a total of 63 banks that participated in BIS’ survey and these institutions represented jurisdictions covering over 80% of the world’s population. The banks responding to the survey account for over 90% of the global economic output.

As mentioned in a report published by BIS, the financial institution’s survey involved conducting conceptual research on the process of creating CBDCs. Several banks worked cooperatively to develop a “common understanding of this new field of study.” Around half, or 50%, of the respondents have now moved to “hands-on” proof-of-concept activities to determine the feasibility and desirability of introducing a CBDC.

IMF Head: CBDCs Are "Safe" And "Cheap"

85% of the banks surveyed by BIS said it is unlikely that they’ll issue their own virtual currency in the short-term, or the next 1-3 years.

As CryptoGlobe reported in mid-November 2018, Christine Lagarde, the head of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), had recommended that all financial insitutitions should consider launching their own digital currency. Lagarde believes blockchain-based currencies are “safe, cheap, and potentially semi-anonymous” and would help in “supplying money to the digital economy.

However, there are many other senior banking and traditional financial market professionals worldwide who think that both CBDCs and decentralized cryptocurrencies may not be beneficial to the world’s financial system. In September 2018, the European Central Bank (ECB) had clarified it was not planning to launch its own CBDC.

Uruguay And Sweden Have Reported Making Considerable Progress In Developing CBDC

As pointed out by the research group at the St. Louis Fed (in December 2018): 

Once you add a central bank and remove the “permissionless” network—with nodes that can leave and join as they wish, there isn’t much left to the cryptocurrency you started with.

Despite concerns regarding whether they’re appropriate for a centrally managed financial system, some central banks are still considering exploring the idea of a CBDC. The BIS report revealed that Uruguay’s central bank had been testing out a general purpose CBDC.

Notably, the BIS research report also mentioned that Uruguay and Sweden had made considerable progress in creating their own CBDC and they had also publicly shared most of their findings in order to help banks in other countries.

Tether Has Backlisted a Total of 39 Ethereum Addresses Holding USDt

Ther, the issuer of the leading stablecoin USDt, has already blacklisted 39 Ethereum addresses holding the stablecoin since November 2017.

According to Philippe Castonguay, an Ethereum researcher at Horizon Games, 24 of the 39 addresses identified were blacklisted this year. Castonguay created a dashboard on Dune Analytics that shows the addresses that Tether blacklisted.

When an address is blacklisted it can no longer send, receive, or redeem USDt tokens, which essentially means the tokens held in the address become unusable. The addresses that Tether blacklisted over time have millions worth of USDt in them combined, with the latest one having nearly $1 million worth of tokens in it.

The address, according to Etherscan data, received a938,965 USDt tokens from Binance 26 days ago, before it was blacklisted by Tether. The owner of the address appears to have tried to move the funds the next day, but the transaction was reverted.

Most of the blacklisted addresses appear to have less than $100 worth of USDt tokens in them, while the address with the largest amount appears to be 0x5c27cc68fe01a3994807b60a6c81d8ba638b4ba1 with a total of 4.56 million UISDt in it. Notably, the address also has 330,000 BUSD tokens in it, and 13,500 ETH.

While it isn’t clear who owns the address, the funds it received appear to have come from an address that originally got the cryptocurrency holdings by withdrawing funds from Binance. Most addresses Tether likely blacklisted most address in the list -if not all – responding to requests from law enforcement.

As CryptoGlobe reported, the CENTRE Consortium recently backlisted its first USDC address on the Ethereum network, responding to a request from authorities. On its website, Circle notes an address may be blacklisted when there is a potential security breach or a threat to the network itself, or to “comply with a law, regulation or legal order from a duly recognized U.S. authorized authority, U.S. court of competent jurisdiction or other governmental authority with jurisdiction over CENTRE.”

Featured image via Pixabay.