Switcheo, NEO’s First Decentralized Exchange, Lists 19 ERC20 Tokens

Colin Muller

Switcheo, a NEO-based decentralized exchange (DEX) launched earlier in the year, has added 19 popular Ethereum-based ERC20 tokens to its platform forming new trading pairs, the exchange recently announced on its Medium blog.

This news makes good on Switcheo’s earlier announcement that it would begin supporting ERC20 tokens, which CryptoGlobe reported on in September. The Singapore-based exchange now offers 44 exchange pairs in total, paired against NEO, GAS, its native SWTH token, and ETH tokens, according to data from CryptoCompare. The new listings follow on the launch of the inital Ethereum integration, only weeks ago, dubbed Callisto.

Although moving a respectable $2 million worth of daily volume back in April when the DEX first launched, Switcheo is now posting a paltry $82,000 in daily volume, perhaps reflecting the leaner times hitting the cryptoasset industry during 2018. Most of the tokens listed are on the newer/smaller side - but there are a couple of bigger names such as Kyber Network token (KNC), NEO itself, and the fairly new USD Circle (USDC) centralized stablecoin.

Switcheo does not have any know-your-customer (KYC) requirements. A rival ERC20 DEX, IDEX, was recently accused of implementing such policies, although there is apparently no evidence to support this accusation.

DEXs On Notice

The biggest bombshell in the DEX space as of late must be the US Securities and Exchange Commission’s (SEC) prosecution of the creator of one of the oldest Ethereum DEXs, the no-frills EtherDelta exchange. The charge was operating an unregistered securities exchange, as some ERC20 tokens were considered such.

Zachary Coburn, the founder, settled and paid nearly $400,000 in fines to the SEC without admitting guilt, which was received by some as a controversially chilling message to DEXs.

A recent innovation concerning the DEX space is the Wrapped Bitcoin (WBTC) project, which utilizes Kyber Network functionality to join bitcoin and Ethereum tokens in a smart contract so as to allow bitcoin to be traded on Ethereum-powered DEXs.

CryptoGlobe conducted an interview with KNC CEO Loi Luu last month, where he said WBTC would bring the “best of both worlds: bring the most popular cryptocurrency [BTC] to Ethereum and allow it to be programmable….”

tZERO Opened Its Doors to Non-Accredited Investors, but Their Options Are Still Limited

Samuel Haig

Last week, tZERO announced that its securities tokens (TZROP) are now available to be traded to non-accredited investors, as per Rule 144 of the Securities Act of 1933.

Despite the launch, the platform offers limited functionality, Overstock's OSTKO security token and TZROP comprising the only markets that are currently available for non-accredited investors to trade. Traders are only able to place limit and market orders to purhcase security tokens using fiat currency, with tZERO's markets open for trade during weekdays between 9:30am and 4:00pm EDT.

Signing up to trade on tZERO requires submitting identifying documentation to the platform, with verification taking several days for the company to complete. As the platform develops and evolves, however, more functionality is to be expected.

TZROP Tokens to Generate Divident for Investors

TZROP were first issued via a private placement during August 2018, and have been tradable among accredited investors since January of this year. The tokens are now exclusively tradable on the PRO Securities alternative trading system (ATS) to investors who hold an account with Dinosaur Financial - a broker-dealer headquartered in New York.

According to a press release, the TZROP token offers investors “direct exposure to tZERO’s revenue growth through its quarterly dividend model,” with tZERO pledging to distribute 10% of its adjusted gross revenue to holders of its security token . Investors can reportedly choose to receive dividends in the form of BTC, ETH, TZROP, or U.S. dollars.

However, the release notes that the distribution of dividends is subject to approval from tZERO’s board of directors, and Delaware law.

Peer-to-Peer Trading of TZROP Tokens Prohibited

TZERO emphasized that peer-to-peer transfers of TZROP have not been authorized, asserting that TZROP holders must exclusively resell tokens “on the PRO Securities' [...] ATS only through a brokerage account established with Dino, a subscriber to the ATS, with clearing and custody provided by Electronic Transaction Clearing, a registered broker-dealer, and Computershare, as transfer agent.”

To comply with the company’s regulatory obligations, tZERO also reserves the right to prohibit tZERO security token holders from moving TZROP from Dinosaur Financial brokerage accounts to personal wallets.

The chief executive officer of tZERO, Saum Noursalehi, stated:

“Following the one-year anniversary of the close of our security token offering, non-accredited investors now have the ability to purchase and trade in our security tokens. Today marks another milestone as we further democratize access to all investors, regardless of net worth, can invest in the business opportunity of a blockchain-based capital market.”

TZERO Receives Patent for ‘TOME’ Technology

On Aug. 6, 2019, tZERO was awarded a patent for a process for recording trading data on a public blockchain, dubbed the “Time Ordered Merkle Epoch (TOME) methodology.”

According to the company’s announcement:

TOME is a base-layer technology that uses digital signatures to record and verify time-series data such as trades, executions and settlements. This technology enables low-latency systems, including traditional matching engines or private blockchain ledgers, to be anchored into immutable public blockchain ledgers.

TZERO plans to incorporate TOME into its product suite, in addition to licensing the technology to other firms.