54.8% of Publicly Funded Cryptos Could Be Securities in FINMA's Eyes, CryptoCompare Research Finds

Out of the top 200 cryptoassets, 78.5% would be classified as “receiving some sort of funding” and, out of these, over half would be considered securities by Switzerland’s financial supervisor, the Financial Market Supervisory Authority (FINMA), research found.

This according to CryptoCompare’s Cryptoasset Taxonomy Report, which followed guidelines FINMA set earlier this year to support initial coin offerings (ICOs). These determined there are three different token categories: payment tokens, utility tokens, and asset tokens.

As CryptoGlobe covered at the time, payment tokens are those that are set to only be used as a payment method. Utility tokens are those “intended to provide digital access to an application or service,” while asset tokens represent a share in a company or earning stream, or an “entitlement to dividends or interest payments.”

CryptoCompare’s report noted that FINMA’s regulations are clear on non-functional tokens that are tradeable – these are classified as securities. While asset tokens are also considered securities, utility tokens only fall into the category if they also or only have an investment function. Payment tokens, if functional, aren’t securities.

The global cryptocurrency market data provider’s report, using FINMA’s classifications, determined 65% of the top 100 cryptoassets by market cap are utilities, while 22% are payment tokens. The remaining 13% are “either asset tokens or combination use-cases.”

Breakdown of cryptoasset categories

Further, the report found that out of the top 200 cryptoassets, 157 would be classified as receiving “some sort of funding.” It further reveals that out of these 157 cryptoassets, “at least” 54.8% would be considered securities.

FINMA, earlier this year, clarified financial market laws and regulations aren’t applicable to all ICOs and, presumably, to all tokens. As such, the applicability of regulations to blockchain-based tokens will be determined on a case-by-case basis.

At the time, FINMA’s CEO Mark Branson noted the organization’s approach to ICOs was “balanced,” as it allowed legitimate innovators to launch their projects in Switzerland, while “protecting investors and the integrity of the financial system.”

ICO projects that issue payment tokens reportedly have to comply with anti-money laundering (AML) regulations. At the time Oliver Bussmann, the president of the Crypto Valley Association in the canton of Zug, predicted FINMA’s approach would increase the number of Switzerland-based ICOs.

Upcoming Bitcoin Halving Event Could Drive BTC Price Even Higher, Analyst Explains

Vijay Boyapati, a widely-followed Bitcoin (BTC) analyst, recently published a detailed Twitter thread regarding the potential impact of bitcoin’s block reward halving event - which is now less than a year away.

In a series of tweets, Boyapati explained how the BTC halving event “interacts” with the pseudonymous cryptocurrency’s “recurrent hype cycles.” The former software engineer at Google questioned whether crypto bull markets may be attributed to bitcoin’s hype cycles, while also noting what was learned from previous BTC mining rewards halvenings.

“Constant Downward Pressure” on BTC Price Exerted When Miners Sell

According to Boyapati, crypto miners are essentially running “marginal” businesses as most of them sell the bitcoins they mine to cover operational costs. The Bitcoin protocol releases new bitcoins at approximate time intervals of (every) 10 minutes.

When miners sell their bitcoins, the crypto’s price is affected by “a constant downward pressure”, Boyapati noted. He added that “without new money” entering the digital asset market, BTC’s price would begin falling sharply. According to his estimates:

At a BTC price of $10,000 approximately $14 million dollars must enter Bitcoin to offset the downward selling pressure.

He continued: ”During the [cryptocurrency] bull market, demand far outstrips miner sell pressure, but eventually the cycle ends and miner sell pressure is amplified by investor's fear selling.”

Once the selling pressure has been “exhausted”, the market cycle “reaches capitulation”, Boyapti argued. He also mentioned that the downward pressure, which results from miners selling, is then “equipoised” with the upward pressure imposed by bitcoin investors who refuse to sell. This group of bitcoin holders (or “HODLers”) think of BTC as a legitimate store-of-value (SoV). Due to these types of market activities, the bitcoin price reaches a “steady plateau”, Boyapti stated.

Hype Cycles “Only Create a Temporary Equilibrium”

He further noted that the “price plateau of the classic Gartner hype” (excitement and investor enthusiasm created due to new technological developments like bitcoin) is “only a temporary equilibrium.”

Boyapati also pointed out:

While supply and demand are evenly balanced during the plateau, the Bitcoin halving disrupts the equilibrium by halving the sell pressure.

After a BTC halving event, which effectively reduces the daily supply of newly minted bitcoins by half their previous rate, Boyapti believes:

The equilibrium demand of HODLers now exceeds miner sell supply, tending to move Bitcoin's price upward.

He explained that the upward BTC price movements eventually begin to “feed” on themselves and usually result in the “next” crypto market bull run. It’s also at this time that new investors enter the digital asset ecosystem, Boyapati noted.

Does Crypto Market “Discount Halvings A Year In Advance?”

The former application developer believes that financial markets “do not mechanically react to known future events.” Moreover, he emphasized that bitcoin halving “occurs on a predictable schedule.”

He went on to claim that markets “anticipate” important future events and that it seems, from past experience, that the “market discounts halvings about a year in advance.”

Boyapti also pointed out:

[Historically,] the Bitcoin market begins its upward ascent about a year before the halving, and about a year after the halving goes parabolic. But markets anticipate, so this [may] happen faster this time...It appears...Bitcoin halving is a key fundamental driver of Bitcoin’s monetization.