Out of the top 200 cryptoassets, 78.5% would be classified as “receiving some sort of funding” and, out of these, over half would be considered securities by Switzerland’s financial supervisor, the Financial Market Supervisory Authority (FINMA), research found.
This according to CryptoCompare’s Cryptoasset Taxonomy Report, which followed guidelines FINMA set earlier this year to support initial coin offerings (ICOs). These determined there are three different token categories: payment tokens, utility tokens, and asset tokens.
As CryptoGlobe covered at the time, payment tokens are those that are set to only be used as a payment method. Utility tokens are those “intended to provide digital access to an application or service,” while asset tokens represent a share in a company or earning stream, or an “entitlement to dividends or interest payments.”
CryptoCompare’s report noted that FINMA’s regulations are clear on non-functional tokens that are tradeable – these are classified as securities. While asset tokens are also considered securities, utility tokens only fall into the category if they also or only have an investment function. Payment tokens, if functional, aren’t securities.
The global cryptocurrency market data provider’s report, using FINMA’s classifications, determined 65% of the top 100 cryptoassets by market cap are utilities, while 22% are payment tokens. The remaining 13% are “either asset tokens or combination use-cases.”
Further, the report found that out of the top 200 cryptoassets, 157 would be classified as receiving “some sort of funding.” It further reveals that out of these 157 cryptoassets, “at least” 54.8% would be considered securities.
FINMA, earlier this year, clarified financial market laws and regulations aren’t applicable to all ICOs and, presumably, to all tokens. As such, the applicability of regulations to blockchain-based tokens will be determined on a case-by-case basis.
At the time, FINMA’s CEO Mark Branson noted the organization’s approach to ICOs was “balanced,” as it allowed legitimate innovators to launch their projects in Switzerland, while “protecting investors and the integrity of the financial system.”
ICO projects that issue payment tokens reportedly have to comply with anti-money laundering (AML) regulations. At the time Oliver Bussmann, the president of the Crypto Valley Association in the canton of Zug, predicted FINMA’s approach would increase the number of Switzerland-based ICOs.