DASH and NEM's Masternode Systems Cause Unequal Distribution Curves

  • The top 10,000 wallets hold over 90% of the total DASH and NEM supply
  • A Dash masternode costs the equivalent of $338,000 while an NEM masternode costs $780,000
  • The top 10,000 bitcoin wallets hold 56% of the total BTC supply, this is the lowest in its immediate peer group

dash, nem masternodes.pngBased on data from Bitinfocharts.com

While the creation of blockchain technology allowed us to disrupt the way we transact with money, the uneven distribution of cryptocurrency is still an issue preventing Satoshi's vision of a more inclusive financial system from being realized entirely.

Newly minted Bitcoin is distributed exclusively to the miners securing the network, resulting in the top 10000 wallets controlling 55% of the float. With over 15 million wallets holding some measure of Bitcoin, that means that the top 0.07% control more than half the circulating supply.

The disparity between the balances held by crypto 'whales' and those belonging to the rest of the ecosystem can be found to a larger degree amongst projects that forked off Bitcoin. Litecoin, for example, sees the top 10,000 wallets holding 78% while the top 10000 addresses in the Bitcoin Cash and Bitcoin Gold hold 66% and 64% respectively.

However, the leading wallets do not represent private individuals, they belong to cryptocurrency exchanges and are used to fund operations. This suggests that investors leave a greater amount of their altcoin holdings on the exchanges, preferring to keep their BTC on private wallets.

DASH and NEM Masternodes

While the distribution inequality amongst Bitcoin and its many forks is not as equal as many want, the situation is worse amongst masternode coins such as Dash and NEM. A Dash masternode costs 1000 Dash, the equivalent of $338,000 according to CryptoCompare data, while an NEM masternode will set you back 3,000,000 NEM or $780,000.

The appeal of generating passive income for operating a masternode has seen 59% of Dash's circulating supply locked up as masternodes. Absent solutions that allow average investors to pool together capital in an effort to set up a masternode, this uneven distribution of wealth amongst masternode coins is set to continue assuming the Dash protocol rewards masternodes with 45% of block rewards.

privacy coins chart.pngBased on data from CryptoCompare

While in theory, locking up a large percentage of token supply in a masternode will reduce the token velocity thereby lowering price volatility, Dash has proven to be one of the more volatile privacy-focused tokens on the market today. The price of masternodes creates inflated buying and selling pressure as masternode operators enter and exit the market with their large holdings.

Formulating a mechanism that allows everyone, not just miners, whales and masternodes, to benefit from the distribution of cryptocurrencies will move us towards a fairer, more equitable financial system.

Hackers Try to Sell Data of 142 Million MGM Hotel Guests for Bitcoin or Monero

Hackers are trying to sell the data of 142 million MGM hotel guests on the dark web for about $2,900 worth of cryptocurrency, payable in either bitcoin or monero (XMR).

According to ZDNet, the data comes from a 2019 data breach that MGM Resorts (NYSE: MGM) that was initially believed to have only affected 10.6 million MGM hotel guests, as the hackers published a free sample of the data available for download.

The new finding, that a total of 142,479,937 hotel guests had their data stolen by a hacker, was discovered after a hacker published an ad to sell the data on a darknet market. The hacker claims to have gotten to the data after breaching data leak monitoring service DataViper, which is operated by Night Lion Security.

The founder of Night Lion Security, Vinny Troia, reportedly told ZDNet the firm never owned a copy of MGM’s full database, and that the hackers were trying to ruin its reputation with their claims. While MGM Resorts learned of the security breach last year, it did not make it public and instead just notified impacted customers.

Speaking to ZDNet, an MGM spokesperson said:

MGM Resorts was aware of the scope of this previously reported incident from last summer and has already addressed the situation

The spokesperson also added that the majority of data consisted of “contract information like names, postal addresses, and email addresses.”  Social Security numbers, reservation data, and other financial information was not leaked, according to MGM.

Irina Nesterovsky, Head of Research at threat intel firm KELA, reportedly noted that the MGM data has been for sale on private hacking circles since at least July 2019 and that the situation could be even worse, as posts from Russian-speaking forums claimed to contain the details of 200 million hotel guests.

For now, it’s only clear that the hacker who has the data is trying to sell it for $2,900 worth of either bitcoin or XMR on an unnamed darknet marketplace.

Featured image via Pixabay.